It is said that the Gothic Cross represents the intersection of Heaven – or the Spiritual World – and Earth – or the Material World. The four quadrants arms/quadrants of the cross are representative of either the four elements (Air, Water, Fire, Earth) or the four main directions (West, East, North, South).
Central to the gothic style, is the association with dark clothes/makeup, and the theme of death. Therefore, the Gothic Culture does not necessarilly represent a Christian point of view. Still, the gothic cross is considered by many to be a sacred symbol.
While the Goths were originally identified as an East Germanic tribe, not much else is really known about how they originated. According to Jordanes, a historian, the Goths arrived shortly before the Second century by crossing the Baltic Sea and landed in what we know today as Sweden. After the 2nd century, this group of people migrated to the southeast, reaching what we know today to be Ukraine.
During the 3rd and 4th centuries, the Scythian Goths divided into two separate groups. They often fought against the Roman Empire, but in the late 4th century, the Huns invaded and subdued them. At that point, the Goths were integrated in the Hunnic Empire.
The Goths were converted to Christianity by a Gothic missionary named Wolfila. This is the earliest occurrence of the Germanic people being Christianized. When Wolfila left the Gothic country, his congregation followed him. He took the Bible and translated it into Gothic.
During the 5th and 6th centuries, the Goths again separated and created very powerful states in Italy and the Iberian peninsula. Soon, the Gothic Kingdom was defeated by the Roman Empire. In the late 6th century, the Visigoths converted to Catholicism and were able to survive until the 8th century, until Islam took over.
Finally, it is believed that a small remnant of the Ostogoths were identified in the area known as Crimea, this can’t really be confirmed. With the exception of a few fragments in other cultures, the Gothic culture and language have dissipated.
One thing is for sure, no matter what exactly the Gothic Cross is all about, it is a beautiful piece for anyone’s jewelry collection.